Today in History – Congress ratifies Articles of Confederation

Source:

Nasara News

TODAY IN HISTORY:  CONGRESS RATIFIES ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION – MARCH 1 1781

Dave Jolly

Mar 1, 2016

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On June 11, 1776, the Continental Congress appointed a committee of five men to work on a draft of a document for independence. That committee consisted of John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert Livingston and Roger Sherman.

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As the Committee of Five worked on the draft, the rest of the Convention continued to argue over whether or not the colonies should declare their independence or continue to use diplomatic means to reach an agreeable peace with Great Britain.

By early July, the declaration was almost complete, yet the debate about whether to sign such an important document or not still persisted. One of the delegates, the Rev. John Witherspoon, addressed the Convention with the following words:

There is a tide in the affairs of men, and we can perceive it now before us. To hesitate is to consent to our own slavery. That noble instrument upon your table, which insures immortality to its author, should be subscribed this morning by every pen in this House. He that will not respond to its accents and strain every nerve to carry into effect its provisions is unworthy the name of freeman! For my own part, of property I have some, of reputation more. That reputation is staked, that property is pledged on the issue of this contest; and although these gray hairs must soon descend into the sepulchre, I would infinitely rather that they descend thither by the hand of the executioner than desert at this crisis the sacred cause of my country!”

The Rev. John Witherspoon was not only a well-known minister of the Gospel, he was also a very popular educator and college president. Shortly after hearing the words of Rev. Witherspoon, the delegates signed the document that was titled, The United States Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776.

Witherspoon’s educational legacy included 9 of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, 1 U.S. President (James Madison), 1 U.S. Vice-President, 28 U.S. Senators, 49 U.S. Congressmen, 3 U.S. Supreme Court Justices, 34 other judges, 10 federal Cabinet officers, 12 state governors and numerous state congressmen.

Every one of these signers of the Declaration of Independence knew that their signatures on this document meant that they were to be declared as sworn enemies of the British crown and that they stood to lose all of their wealth, possessions and lives.  They were willing to sacrifice everything for the cause of political and religious freedom.

News of the Declaration of Independence was spread throughout the colonies, mostly through the churches. After receiving a copy of the newly signed declaration, the executive council for the Massachusetts Bay issued the following order:

    “In Council July 17, 1776. Ordered, that the Declaration of Independence be Printed, and a copy sent to the Ministers of each Parish of every denomination, within this State; and that they severally be required to read the same to their respective congregations as soon as divine service is ended in the afternoon, on the first Lord’s Day after they shall have received it: and after such Publication thereof, to deliver the said Declaration to the Clerks of their several Towns or Districts, who are hereby required to record the same in their respective Town or District Books, there to remain as a perpetual Memorial thereof.”

During that time, the Second Continental Congress knew that they needed to create some form of rule to govern the 13 colonies. Although the colonies insisted on self-rule, many of their leaders realized that they needed some form of centralized government to help unify the states and to help coordinate their efforts in their war with Great Britain.

Benjamin Franklin had drafted a plan called the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, and made sure that the Continental Congress understood it was only a draft proposal. Despite the support of Thomas Jefferson and several other delegates, Franklin’s draft was tabled.

One of the main sources of contention and argument among the members of the Continental Congress was how much power would be given to a central government and what power and authority would be maintained by the states. The arguments continued for over a year after the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

When the British captured Philadelphia in 1777, the need for a central governing document became more apparent and the delegates sat down and drafted the first governing document for the United States, known as the Articles of Confederation.

The issue of state sovereignty was addressed at the beginning of the Articles of Confederation in Article II:

    “To all to whom these Presents shall come, we the undersigned Delegates of the States affixed to our Names send greeting.

    Articles of Confederation and perpetual Union between the states of New Hampshire, Massachusetts-bay Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.

    I.   The Stile of this Confederacy shall be ‘The United States of America’.

    II.   Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled.”

Note the similarity between Article II and the Tenth Amendment to Constitution that was drafted a few years later:

    “Amendment X

    The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”

In November, 1777, the Articles of Confederation was sent to the states to be ratified by their state legislatures. Virginia was the first state to ratify it on December, 16, 1777. Other states followed Virginia’s lead, but not all of them were eager to sign.

In June 1778, the Continental Congress reconvened and learned that Delaware, Maryland and New Jersey refused to ratify the Articles of Confederation. They were concerned about representation granted to states based partially upon their holding of western lands. If these other states would relinquish their claims to western lands, the three small states would agree to ratify.

After some persuasion, Delaware and New Jersey agree to the terms of the Articles of Confederation. New Jersey ratified the Articles of Confederation on November 20, 1778 and Delaware followed with ratification on February 1, 1779, but Maryland continued to hold out.

Maryland refusal to ratify led some delegates to pass resolutions to exclude Maryland from the formation of a national government, but those resolutions were squelched by other delegates.

In 1780, a number of Maryland towns in the Chesapeake Bay area were targeted by the British. Maryland leaders turned to France for naval help. French Minister Anne-César De la Luzerne replied by urging Maryland to ratify the Articles of Confederation.

At the same time, Virginia agreed to give up their western land claims. This was sufficient for the Maryland legislature who voted to ratify the Articles of Confederation on March 1, 1781.

The ratification of the Articles of Confederation required ratification of all 13 states, and with the ratification of Maryland, the Articles of Confederation were officially ratified on this day, March 1, 1781, giving the United States of America their first governing document.

Sources used for the above include: Articles of Confederation are ratified; Articles of Confederation; The Christian Pathway to the Constitution of the United States; Articles of Confederation, 1777–1781;

ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION; The Articles of Confederation; THE BILL OF RIGHTS

http://constitution.com/today-in-history-congress-ratifies-articles-of-confederation-march-1-1781/

Posted by Olive Oyl

Mass Arrests !!! New information with Bill Wood and Eva Moore

Posted on May 6, 2012
Now… the MP3s. Here’s what’s been done: converted each of the videos, boosted the volume of each, leveled out the volumes a bit, then saved in three different ways:
1) as set of six 15-minute parts (just like the videos)
2) as set of three 30-minute parts, and
3) as the complete show (123 min., 14 MB)
(I’ve also provided links to all the videos, below the mp3s).
These are already configured for use on your iPhone, iPod, iPad, iAnythingYouHave, mp3 player. So here we go…
—————————————————————————

MP3s Links (click to listen in a new tab or window; right-click and Save-As to download)
SIX PARTS, 15 min. each (2.6 MB) (as in the videos)
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6
THREE PARTS, 30 min. each (5 MB)
Part 1+2
Part 3+4
Part 5+6
COMPLETE SHOW (123 min., 14 MB)

Posted by John MacHaffie at 10:27 PM

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My 2 Cents (AnGeleve)

Listen to these mp3 audio files with discernment. We can hope this to be true, however the skeptic in us would wonder, why would those arresting the bad guys give them a heads up? These are posted for you to decide for yourself if it resonates with you or not.

I do know that arrest will be coming and we shall be victorious over the dark forces who have enslaved us for aeons.

My Sister is a Channeler as well as myself, we did several Meditation and Channeling sessions recently.  She Channeled Indian Spirits on our first session, unfortunately I did not write down anything or record it. The next time she channeled Archangel Raphael.  I was filled with questions and we proceeded with that format.  I will try to put the Channeling up soon. A brief summery is the following:

I had received information from Archangel Raphael (this was just a week ago when we did this session) that things were happening behind the scenes that we have no idea about. I was going to upload this Channeling as I did record it. Unfortunately a precious little dog was napping beside us during the Channeling session so you only hear the snoring of the dog. Archangel Raphael is very soft-spoken and could not be heard above the sweet snores. Therefore I will try to type up the session for you soon.

During this session: I asked Archangel Raphael about the changes that would be taking place soon. Archangel Raphael told me not to worry, that things do not appear as you think so stay strong and be ready when it comes as it would be soon, and the changes would be good for us.

I also had a dream shortly after this that I feel was very key into what is going on and have to share with you.  I saw someone with a tray of watches and I got to selected one of the watches but I did not have to pay for it. The one I wanted was gold, I picked it up to get a closer look at it and when I turned it over it was inscribed with the name of Thomas Jefferson almost like a signature. The other watch I was admiring and wanted to look at was a Dale Earnhardt watch it was very sporty. The dream had many other parts but this one stood out the most for me.

What could this Dream mean? This tells me that Freedom is quickly approaching. The ending of the Central Banks, that time is speeding up, and the days ahead will be GOLDEN. Cars need gas, so stay filled up to go, could be why Dale was present and Fast is the other key word here. I leave you with here with a history lesson. It was Thomas Jefferson who freed us from the Cabal Banks before. If you do the research. Here is one of his famous quotes:

“If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issue of their currency, first by inflation, then by deflation, the banks…will deprive the people of all property until their children wake-up homeless on the continent their fathers conquered… The issuing power should be taken from the banks and restored to the people, to whom it properly belongs.”  Thomas Jefferson
 

I hope this will help you when listening to these audios. I truly enjoy them and feel better. Help others not to panic. Help you neighbor. Help those around who do not have a way to get this information as they may freak out. We need to all continue to do the wonderful Meditations of Peace and Love and envision our new EDEN as it will be.

Be Blessed,

AnGeleve.

Thank You President Trump

Draining The SwampDecember 15, 2018
Pray for President Trump, the White Hats, our Military and all benevolent beings helping to Free Humanity . Be in JOY and in PEACE. Love others as you Love yourself. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you. Be an example of Love and Joy. Peace will be ours and so it is.

Angel4Light777@gmail.com

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